Accessibility ಹೇಳಿಕೆ Accessibility Statement

Updated: August 2018.

General strives to ensure that its services are accessible to people with disabilities. has invested a significant amount of resources to help ensure that its website is made easier to use and more accessible for people with disabilities, with the strong belief that every person has the right to live with dignity, equality, comfort and independence.

Copyright Exceptions For Access To The Blind – Indian Copyright Law

further details

Provisions for facilitating access of copyrighted works to the disabled, including blind persons, were introduced in the Indian Copyright Act, 1957 in 2012. Limitations and Exceptions in the Indian Copyright Law can be categorized into two types:
1. Fair Dealing exception for the disabled; and
2. Compulsory License for making works accessible to the disabled.

Fair Dealing ((Section 52(zb)):

The use of a work for making it accessible to a disabled person is considered as fair dealing under the Indian Copyright Law. This exception is of two types:
1. Exception for Personal Use, Education and Research; and
2. Exception for Non-Profit Use
Permitted Rights:
The following rights may be exercised with respect to a copyrighted work under the exception:

1. Right to Adaptation;
2. Right to Reproduction;
3. Right to Issue Copies;
4. Right to Communicate to the Public.

The said rights may be exercised with respect to a work in any accessible format.
The fair dealing exception applies to all copyrightable works, and is not limited to literary and artistic works.
• Personal, Educational and Research Use
Any person can exercise the aforestated rights with respect to any work for facilitating access to an accessible format of a work to a disabled person. Simply put, a person can make a copy of a work, modify it and give it to a disabled person. Such acts will not amount to copyright infringement. The accessible format of the work may also be shared with another disabled person. To avail this exception, the purpose of use of the accessible format of the work must be personal, educational, or research related. Other uses are not permitted under this exception.
• Non-Profit Use:
An organization working for the benefit of the disabled may copy, modify, and distribute a work, in an accessible format if the normal format cannot be enjoyed by a disabled person. In such a case, the accessible format of the work must be made available only to disabled persons. The organisation must offer the accessible works on a non-profit basis, and may charge for the cost of production only.
This exception is available only if the normal copy of the work is not available in an accessible format for the disabled. Also, while exercising rights under this exception the organisation must ensure that accessible format copies do not enter the normal business and trade channels. To avail of this exception, the organisation must be recognized by the government, a non-profit organisation having an exemption under the IT Act, or recognized under People With Disabilities Act. Government funded institutions, educational institutions and libraries can also avail this exception.

Compulsory License (Section 31B):

Any person working for benefit of the disabled for profit or for business purposes can make an application for compulsory license to publish any work that is the subject of copyright protection. The publication of the work under the license must be for the benefit of disabled persons. The application must be made to the copyright board, and after due review, the board may direct the Registrar to issue a compulsory license.
The compulsory license must specify:

1. Format of the work;
2. Means of its distribution;
3. Period of the license;
4. number of copies, if issue of copies is permitted;
5. Rate of royalty to be paid to the copyright owner.

Accessibility on makes available the “Website Accessibility”  that is powered by a dedicated accessibility server. The software allows to improve its compliance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0).

Enabling the Accessibility Menu

The accessibility menu can be enabled by clicking the accessibility menu icon that appears on the corner of the page. After triggering the accessibility menu, please wait a moment for the accessibility menu to load in its entirety.

Disclaimer continues its efforts to constantly improve the accessibility of its site and services in the belief that it is our collective moral obligation to allow seamless, accessible and unhindered use also for those of us with disabilities.

Despite our efforts to make all pages and content on fully accessible, some content may not have yet been fully adapted to the strictest accessibility standards. This may be a result of not having found or identified the most appropriate technological solution.

Here For You

If you are experiencing difficulty with any content on or require assistance with any part of our site, please contact us during normal business hours as detailed below and we will be happy to assist.

Contact Us

If you wish to report an accessibility issue, have any questions or need assistance, please contact Customer Support as follows: